Be amazed while walking through the Bath of Caracalla, which was the second largest thermal bath in Ancient Rome, Maximus Circus, the greatest chariot racing stadium and one of lovely seven hills of Rome, the Aventine Hill.
13 participants maximum
Be welcomed by your professional and licensed guide at the Bath of Caracalla where your small group tour starts. Your guide will give you a full description of the Bath of Caracalla while walking inside this wonderful ancient second largest thermal bath of Rome. The Baths of Caracalla located by the ancient Appian Way in Rome were named after the Emperor Caracalla who reigned from 211-217 AD. His father Septimius Severus commissioned the baths and after his death the project was completed by his son Caracalla in 216 AD. This building is among the most monumental and imposing archaeological complexes of the entire Imperial epoch. The reign of Caracalla donned an age of cruelty absent from Imperial Rome since perhaps the Emperor Domitian or Nero in the 2nd century. Surviving busts of Caracalla portray a scowling and determined man capable of great evil. Indeed, he killed his younger brother to secure his throne. Despite however his personal deficiencies, Caracalla proved to be an apt administrator.
Carry on inside the Maximus Circus. This grand stadium was a chariot racetrack in Rome first constructed in the 6th century AD. The Circus was also used for other public events such as the Roman Games and gladiator fights and was last used for chariot races in the 6th century AD. It was partially excavated in the 20th century AC and then remodelled. Located in the valley between the Palatine and Aventine Hills, it is the oldest and largest public space in Rome and legend says that the Circus was originally laid out in the 6th century AC by the first Roman kings, although, it first took on its distinctive shape under Julius Caesar. Its principal function was as a chariot racetrack and host of the Roman Games (Ludi Romani) which honored Jupiter. These were the oldest games in the city and were held every September with 15 days of chariot races and military processions. In addition, Rome had many other games and up to 20 of these had one day or more at the Circus Maximus. Other events hosted at the site included wild animal hunts, public executions and gladiator fights, some of which were exotically spectacular in the extreme, such as when Pompey organised a contest between a group of barbarian gladiators and 20 elephants.
Terminating this part of the tour, your guide will lead you up to one of the seven hills of Rome, Aventine Hill. The Aventine Hill is best-known to visitors for its magnificent views over the city, but there are also some interesting sights, including several churches and a couple of gardens. According to the myth of Rome’s foundation, Romulus wanted to found a new city on the Palatine Hill, while his twin brother Remus preferred the Aventine. This disagreement led to a fight in which Romulus killed his brother. As a result the city, of Rome was founded on the Palatine, while for centuries the Aventine remained outside the city limits. It was first populated in the 7th century BC by refugees of cities that had been conquered by Rome. From 494 BC on, it became a preferred residential area for plebeians, the common working class. In 456 BC, a law even assigned the area to the working class. The hill was still outside the city walls until the end of the 4th century BC, when the Servian Wall was built around Rome. There are however plenty of churches on the Aventine, the most notable being Santa Sabina. This basilica was built in the 5th century on the summit of the hill, on the site of the former house of the Roman martyr Sabina. The church was restored in 1936 to its original appearance. The interior of the church resembles that of a Roman basilica and contains three naves. Of note is the 5th century wooden door in the narthex, which contains panels with carvings that depict scenes from the bible. Then, you will move to the famous keyhole which, the St. Peter’s Basilica can bee seen from this tiny hole but, the most lovely view of this, is the St. Peters Dome which is perfectly centered in the keyhole. At last, you will be able to admire the wonderful and unique view over Rome from the Orange Garden Terrace ans see how St. Peter’s Dome dominates the skyline of Rome.
The tour includes:
A professional and licensed guide
3 hours guided tour in a small group of maximum of 13 guests per guide
Headsets to hear your guide during the tour
The tour does not include:
Food and drinks, unless specified
Hotel pickup and drop-off
Admission fees: For all those between 10yo and over admission fees are 15EUR/person, for all those under 10yo admission fees are 3€.
Photos of this tour
Tour meeting point
Circo Massimo, 00153 Roma
Meet your guide at the Circo Massimo Station line B. Please take the exit of Via del Circo Massimo. When coming out the station, your guide will meet you just in front of Gusto Massimo Bar holding a sign with the local tour operator’s name on it.
The tour will terminate at the Aventine Hill unless stated differently from your guide at the beginning of the tour.